The following are frequently asked questions regarding Novice Half-Ice hockey;

1. What are the core requirements of U9 Half-Ice games?

- The U9 Half-Ice Game Play Model was designed to maximize the opportunity to engage all players in the game.

2. How will player development be affected if there is no offside or icing called during game play?

- Learning offside and icing will come in time, but the primary focus on age-appropriate training and programming needs to be on skill development in the areas of skating, puck control, passing, and shooting. Concepts like offside, icing, positional play and face-offs can be introduced at a later date when players move to the full-ice gameplay model in the transition to U11 hockey.

3. Are U9 teams permitted to identify a full-time goaltender?

- The recommendation in the U9 Game-Play Model is that all players have an opportunity to play goal. All players should rotate through the goaltender position throughout the season. The Hockey Canada Long-Term Player Development Model encourages a wide range of skill development at a young age and focusing on a single position may limit the opportunity to practice skills in all areas.

4. Are U9 half-ice games required to be two 24-minute halves?

- This will depend on the ice time each MHA has.

  • if a one-hour time frame is available, use the model of two twenty-four (24) minute halves with two-minute shifts as was in place this year.
  • if a ninety minute, or two-hour time frame is available, use a model of two thirty (30) minute halves or three twenty (20) minute periods all with two-minute shifts but stop the clock at the end of every two minute shift.

5. Are U9 teams permitted to play full-ice games?

- Members within the Saskatchewan Hockey Association must follow the policy set out in the U9 Half-Ice memorandum which states all U9 level games before January 1st MUST be half-ice. The maximum number of games permitted in one season is set at 45 games. This does not include "carded" games.

6. Are smaller nets required for the U9 Half-Ice Game format?

- No. With goaltenders in full equipment in net, regular nets (4x6) are suitable.

7. Is there a need to draw the crease in for the net situated in the neutral zone?

- There is no need to draw a crease for the neutral zone net(s). Each net should be placed just inside the centre circle which will provide a small marking to aid the goaltending in positioning themselves in front of the net. If there is no circle, a crease may be drawn on the ice with a bingo dabber. Its is the responsiblity of the home team to provide bingo dabbers for drawing face-off dots, NOT the official.

8. What are the advantages of practicing in small areas and playing half-ice games?

- Small spaces equate to more engagement in the play and more activity for young players. Through the small-area station-based practices and cross-ice games, players are closer to the play at all times and have much more opportunity for puck touches. Regardless of the skill level or the ability of each player, their opportunities to be engaged in the play are doubled when the playing area is smaller. NHL analytics research has illustrated that all skill areas of the game increased substantially when players played in small spaces more suited to their age and skill level.

9. What are the dimensions of a half-ice hockey game?
- The average dimensions of a regular ice surface in Canada is 60 meters by 25 meters. The half-ice playing surface can be a maximum of 30 meters by 25 meters if the dividers are placed at the centre-ice line. In a study conducted by Hockey Alberta, the half-ice playing surface illustrated the same stride distance for a child as relative to the full sheet of ice for an adult.

10. Is it a requirement to use a blue puck instead of a black puck and what are the advantages?

- It is NOT a requirement to use a blue puck for Novice hockey. The regulation black puck weighs six ounces, while the blue puck weighs four ounces. Scaling down all aspects of practice and game play for players eight and under is very beneficial. The blue puck is an appropriate weight in relation to the height and weight of these young players. Use of the blue puck can promote proper mechanics in shooting, passing and carrying the puck.

11. Do the officials need to be fully registered?

- This is at the discretion of the Member. It must be noted that the U9 Game-Play Model provides an excellent opportunity to introduce officials to the game.

12. Do the officials have to wear the full officiating uniform?

- If the Member elects to have officials work the U9 Game-Play Model, all officials on the ice need to wear the minimum of an officiating jersey with Member crest, black pants and a black CSA-approved helmet with a CSA-approved half visor.  

13. Do the on-ice officiating shadows / mentors have to wear an officiating uniform?

- No. In situations where an on-ice shadow / mentor is on the ice supporting the official, it is appropriate for them to wear a Member tracksuit; however, they still must wear a black CSA-approved helmet with CSA-approved half visor.

14. How does the official or coach keep game flow and not lose time on shifts when a puck goes out of play?

- Officials are encouraged to keep additional pucks in their pocket in the event a puck is shot out of play. The official will simply provide a new puck to the non-offending team and play will resume.

15. What support is available for coaches at the U9 level?

- The NCCP Coach 1 Intro to Coach Clinic is designed for Novice coaches who need to understand the proper instructional approach with children at this age. To obtain "trained" status, a coach must complete the On-Line modules offered through Hockey University and then attend the Intro to Coach Certification Clinic which will consist of a 1.5 – 2.5 hour Classroom Session and a 1.5 hour On-Ice Session.

Recognizing the necessity to provide a positive experience for young hockey players, the Community Coach Stream – Initiation Clinic builds upon a number of values providing a qualitative experience, which include: 

  • Providing a safe environment in which to be introduced to fundamental skills.
  • Developing an understanding of basic teamwork through participation in structured activities and adapted game-like situations.
  • Introducing participants to the concepts of fair and cooperative play.
  • Refining basic motor patterns and building self-confidence.
  • Providing an environment that challenges individuals positively and rewards the participants for their efforts.
  • Providing opportunities to experience a number of activities related in the building of a lifestyle of fitness and activity.

In addition to coach education, the U9 Skills Manual is a set of ice-session plans that are designed for the age-appropriate and skill-specific needs of young Novice players. These ice-session plans are available through the Hockey Canada Network, Drill Hub and at  

16. What guidelines should be followed when storing and setting up equipment at community arenas?

- Each facility in Canada is unique and will have its own standard operating procedures when it comes to the storage, set-up and takedown of the portable board system or foam divider system. In many cases, municipalities have developed procedures to apply to all arenas within their jurisdiction.
It will be important to work with facility management to ensure proper protocols are being followed. This will maximize efficiency, ensure safe practices for all and promote a harmonious relationship between the arena staff and members of the local minor hockey association. 


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